The Kremlin warned on Thursday that there was “not much cause for optimism” that the West would satisfy Russia’s demands in the showdown over Ukraine, but said that President Vladimir V. Putin would take his time to study the written responses that the United States and NATO submitted a day earlier before deciding how to proceed.
“All these papers are with the president,” Mr. Putin’s spokesman, Dmitri S. Peskov, told reporters. “There will of course be some time needed to analyze them — we won’t rush to any conclusions.”
Mr. Peskov did not discuss the content of the responses, which the United States has requested be kept confidential. But he said that based on public remarks about them by Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken and Jens Stoltenberg, the secretary general of NATO, there was little likelihood that the West would offer concessions on Russia’s central demands.
“There is not much cause for optimism,” Mr. Peskov said, replying to a question over whether Russia would be satisfied with the Western responses. “But I would continue to refrain from making any conceptual evaluations.”
Russia’s foreign minister, Sergey V. Lavrov, sounded a similarly negative note, saying in comments published on his ministry’s website that the American document contained “no positive reaction” to Russia’s main demands.
The Russian officials’ comments came against the backdrop of Russia’s troop buildup near Ukraine, and hours after a shooting at a Ukrainian missile factory overnight that served as a reminder of the fragile military situation on the ground. There was no immediate evidence that the shooting was related to the building military tensions in the region.
As Western fears grew over a possible Russian attack against Ukraine, Moscow published a list of demands last month that would involve NATO withdrawing troops from Eastern Europe and pledging never to allow Ukraine to join. Russia requested a response in writing, which the United States and NATO submitted on Wednesday.
Mr. Lavrov said that while the U.S. response included initiatives that could serve as “the beginning of a serious conversation,” there was no sign of progress on Russia’s priority of rolling back the NATO presence in Eastern Europe. He said that consultations among Russian government officials would be followed by a briefing to Mr. Putin, who “will decide on our next steps.”
Mr. Putin, who has been silent in public on the Ukraine crisis since December, visited a cemetery in St. Petersburg on Thursday to mark the 78th anniversary of the end of the Nazis’ siege of Leningrad, in which Mr. Putin’s brother died as a child. State television aired brief footage of Mr. Putin, in a black overcoat, placing flowers onto a wreath in the snow. Mr. Peskov said the president planned no other public events.
The United States says more than 100,000 Russian troops are massed near Ukraine’s border, prepared to attack at any time. Russia denies it has plans to invade Ukraine, but months of threatening messaging from the Kremlin have raised concerns that Mr. Putin is prepared to use military means to reverse the former Soviet republic’s pro-Western turn.
For now, officials on all sides say there is still a chance for diplomacy to resolve the crisis.
But Russia has made it clear that the current military standoff is about more than Ukraine. The Kremlin is seeking to rewrite Europe’s post-Cold War order to give Russia a sphere of influence in Eastern Europe — something that Mr. Putin says is critical to Russia’s long-term security. Mr. Putin has threatened unspecified “military technical” measures if the West does not accede to Russia’s demands.
Moscow continued to play coy about what those measures could be. Mr. Putin recently held calls with the leaders of Nicaragua, Cuba and Venezuela, stoking speculation that Russia could deploy missiles to Latin America that would bolster its ability to threaten the U.S. mainland.
But Dmitri A. Medvedev, the vice chairman of Mr. Putin’s security council, played down that speculation in a televised interview broadcast on Thursday that was recorded before the United States submitted its written responses.
“To run ahead and say we want a base there or that we agreed on something would be absolutely wrong,” Mr. Medvedev said. “That would be provoking tensions in the world.”
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